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Criftins Church of England Primary School

Child Protection and Safeguarding Policy

We are working hard to ensure our policies are fully accessible on any device.  Due to the composition of the Child Protection and Safeguarding Policy there is also a PDF of the document beneath the text which includes all appendices. 



Safeguarding and Child Protection 

Policy and Procedures 


1. Policy statement:  


At Criftins CE Primary School we believe that it is always unacceptable for a child or young person to experience abuse of any kind and recognise that safeguarding the welfare of all children and young people is everyone’s responsibility. We follow Shropshire Safeguarding Community Partnership (SSCP) multi-agency procedures and acknowledge that the welfare of the child is paramount.    


At Criftins CE Primary School it is our duty to respond promptly and appropriately to all concerns, incidents or allegations of abuse or neglect of a child. We work in partnership with children, young people, their parents, carers and other agencies. Our statutory duties and supporting guidance are set out in The Safeguarding and Welfare Requirements in the Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) 2021, Working Together to Safeguard Children 2018 and Keeping Children Safe in Education 2022.  


Safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children is defined for the purposes of this policy as: 

  • Protecting children from maltreatment; 

  • Preventing impairment of children’s mental and physical health or development; 

  • Ensuring that children grow up in circumstances consistent with the provision of safe and effective care; and 

  • Taking action to enable all children to have the best outcomes. 


At Criftins CE Primary School we recognise that all children, regardless of who they are or where they are from have the right to protection from all types of abuse. No child or group of children in Criftins CE Primary School will be treated any less favourably by us than others in being able to access their right to education or other services and support we are reasonably able to provide to or access for them for the purposes of safeguarding and promoting their welfare. This may mean that additional positive actions and/or safeguards may be taken by us to ensure the individual and/or groups of children are not disadvantaged from receiving education or services or disproportionately subjected to abuse. 


 This policy is also based on the following legislation and guidance:  


  • The Children Act 1989 and 2004 - Safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children is defined as; protecting children from maltreatment, preventing impairment of children’s health or development, ensuring that children are growing up in circumstances consistent with the provision of safe and effective care and undertaking that role to enable those children to have optimum life chances and to enter adulthood successfully.   


Section 3 (5) of the Children Act 1989 states that the law empowers anyone who has care of a child to do all that is reasonable in the circumstances to safeguard his/her welfare.  


  • West Midlands Child Protection Procedures 

  • Human Rights Act 1998 – it is unlawful for schools and colleges to act in a way that is incompatible with the European Convention on Human Rights (the Convention) that apply in the UK.  

  • Equality Act 2010: Compliance with the Public-Sector Equality Duty (PSED) is a legal requirement for schools and colleges that are public bodies.  Schools and colleges that are public bodies have a general duty to have regard to the need to eliminate unlawful discrimination, harassment, and victimisation, to advance equality of opportunity between different groups and to foster good relations between different groups. The duty applies to all protected characteristics and means that whenever significant decisions are being made or policies developed, thought must be given to the equality implications such as, for example, the elimination of sexual violence and sexual harassment.   


The Public Sector Equality Duty (as required by s149 of the Equality Act) applies to our Criftins CE Primary School and we refer to the Equality Act 2010: Government advice for schools  

  • Counterterrorism and Security Act 2015 – preventing people being drawn into terrorism and promotion of British values to ensure children are kept safe from radicalisation  



  • Education and Training (Welfare of Children Act 2021) 


  • The Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974, which outlines when people with criminal convictions can work with children 


  • Statutory Guidance on the Prevent Duty, which explains schools’ duties under the Counterterrorism and Security Act 2015 with respect to protecting people from the risk of radicalisation and extremism 


This policy and procedure will also link to other setting/school policies & procedures:  


  • Behaviour Management  

  • Staff Code of Conduct  

  • Anti-Bullying  

  • Safer Recruitment   

  • Special Educational Needs 

  • Attendance  

  • Sexual Violence and Sexual Harassment Policy  

  • Health and Safety   

  • Relationship, sex and health education 

  • E-safety 

  • Looked After Children 

  • Private Fostering  

  • Preventing Extremism and Radicalisation 

  • Whistleblowing 


2. Procedure  


2.1 Adult Roles & Responsibilities 


All staff (including students and volunteers) in Criftins CE Primary School are familiar with the definitions indicators of abuse or neglect and Safeguarding Issues as outlined in Keeping Children Safe in Education 2022 and West Midlands Child Protection Procedures. Staff understand and alert to the fact that children can be at risk of harm inside and outside of the school/college, inside and outside of home and online. 


All staff are aware of their individual roles in safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children including their responsibility to be alert to any issues for concern in the child’s life at home or elsewhere.  


Keeping Children Safe in Education 2022 Part 1 must be read and understood by all members of the staff. Governing bodies and proprietors, working with the senior leadership team and especially the designated safeguarding lead, should ensure that those staff who do not work directly with children read either Part one or Annex A.  


All Designated Safeguarding Leads, senior leadership team and governing bodies should read KCSiE 2022 in its entirety. 


All staff (including students on placement, volunteers and Governors/Trustees) will undergo an induction process to enable them to understand and ensure they are fulfilling their role in safeguarding in Criftins CE Primary School. This will include: 

Being given copies of relevant policies and training to help them understand the systems and processes in Criftins CE Primary School which support Safeguarding and the procedures they must follow if they suspect abuse or neglect. Relevant procedures include: 

o Child Protection Policy 

o Behaviour Policy & Anti Bullying Policy 

o Staff Code of Conduct 

o Procedures for Managing Children Missing Education. 

Appropriate safeguarding and child protection training (including online safety); relevant to their role in Criftins CE Primary School. 


On-going support is provided to staff through regular supervision and appraisals to ensure these policies and procedures are put into practice to protect children.  


All staff are expected to update their safeguarding and child protection training at least every three years. In addition, all staff members should receive regular safeguarding and child protection updates through staff meetings, weekly TEAMTALK bulletin, emails, and feedback from training and development as required, but at least annually, to provide them with relevant skills and knowledge to safeguard children effectively.   

The Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL) who will take the lead for safeguarding and child protection issues is: Mrs Mandy Jones 

The deputy Designated Safeguarding Leads are Mr Gino Rushton and Mrs Anna Careless-Jones  

The safeguarding link governor who oversees this work is: Mrs Janet Garguilo 

Our Designated Safeguarding Lead will update their child protection/safeguarding training and has specific responsibilities as listed in Appendix A (for EARLY YEARS) Appendix B (SCHOOLS)  


2.2 Information Sharing and Record Keeping 

When a concern about a child’s welfare or safety is raised it will be discussed with the DSL and recorded. The DSL will decide if the concern should be shared with another agency (see decision making below) or kept on record in case future concerns arise.  

Records should include: 

  • A clear and comprehensive summary of the concern; 

  • Details of how the concern was followed up and resolved; 

  • A note of any action taken, decisions reached and the outcome.  

All records will be stored in our online system ‘My Concern’ with restricted access to designated staff.  

Where children leave the school or college (including in year transfers) the designated safeguarding lead should ensure their child protection file is transferred to the new school or college as soon as possible, and within 5 days for an in-year transfer or within the first 5 days of the start of the new term. When a child/pupil transfers to another Criftins CE Primary School within this or another authority, the confidential information held is forwarded under confidential cover and separate from the child’s/pupil’s main file to the DSL for child protection in the receiving school.  This should be transferred separately from the main pupil file, ensuring secure transit and confirmation of receipt should be obtained (Appendix C).  

In addition to the child protection file the DSL will consider sharing additional information with the new setting/school in advance of a child leaving. This would be for the purpose of helping the new setting/school put in place the right support to safeguard this child and to help the child thrive in the school or college. 

Where children have a Social Worker; local authorities will share this information with the school, and the DSL will hold and use this information so that decisions can be made in the best interests of the child's safety, welfare and educational outcomes. 

Information sharing is vital in identifying and tackling all form of abuse and neglect, and in promoting children’s welfare, including their educational outcomes. Schools and colleges have clear powers to share, hold and use information for these purposes. We follow the guidance in the HM Government 2018 guide ‘Information sharing: advice for practitioners providing safeguarding services to children, young people, parents and carers’ and the Department for Education 2015 guide ‘What to do if you are worried a child is being abused’. 

Staff should be proactive in sharing information as early as possible to help identify, assess, and respond to risks or concerns about the safety and welfare of children, whether this is when problems are first emerging, or where a child is already known to the local authority children’s social care. Governing bodies and proprietors are aware that among other obligations, the Data Protection Act 2018, and the UK General Data Protection Regulation (UK GDPR) places duties on organisations and individuals to process personal information fairly and lawfully and to keep the information the hold safe and secure.  

The Data Protection Act 2018 and UK General Data Protection Regulation do not prevent the sharing of information for the purposes of keeping children safe and promoting their welfare. If in any doubt about sharing information, staff should speak to the DSL or a deputy. Fears about sharing information must not be allowed to stand in the way of the need to safeguard and promote the welfare of children. 

When information is being accumulated prior to possible referral we will start a chronology of events on our electronic system ‘My Concern’ – Some chronologies will need to be produced for a specific reason; for example: when a new relationship is started, during multi-agency meetings, from the start of a significant event, or from the start of the date parameters set by a statutory case review. The chronology should then continue throughout the intervention, or for as long as is required.   

The DSL will regularly review all child protection chronologies to decide if the accumulation of events is having a detrimental impact on a child and must be referred to Compass.  If the DSL decides not to refer, the reason will be noted on the child’s chronology. Records are reviewed half termly as part of our safeguarding Caring4kids team meeting.  


2.3 Decision making – ‘Accessing the right service at the right time’ 

We take a holistic approach to safeguarding all children in our care and recognise that different families need a different level of support at different times.  To enable us to recognise at which level a family might require support; we use the Shropshire Safeguarding Community Partnership Multi-Agency Guidance on Threshold Criteria to help support Children, Young People and their Families in Shropshire: the Shropshire Threshold Document. 


The DSL and relevant staff must familiarise themselves with the Threshold Document and should access relevant Shropshire Council Early Help training and support to enable them to understand the Thresholds Document and support the local multi-agency approach to early help assessment. 

This guidance identifies four levels of need to ensure all children receive the support and intervention they need to achieve a positive life experience.  Of central importance in understanding where a child’s needs might lie on this continuum, is the cooperation and engagement of parents and carers and we aim to develop good, professional relationships to ensure that we have a shared understanding of each child’s needs.    

It should be noted that if parents demonstrate a lack of co-operation or appreciation about the concerns we identify, this may raise the level of the need and required level of action.  

Just because a child is assessed at a point in time as meeting certain threshold criteria does not mean that they always will. An assessment is an on-going process, not an event; children’s needs often change over time.   

The Designated Lead for Safeguarding will maintain an overview of all children with a plan to ensure children’s needs are being met at the right level of intervention.   


Level 1 – Universal  

Children with no additional needs and where there are no concerns. Typically, these children are likely to live in a resilient and protective environment where their needs are met. These children will require no additional support beyond that which is universally available.  

We follow the Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage 2021 to provide individual support for all children. Each child is allocated a key person who will make a relationship both with the child and his or her family.  The key person will make observations and keep records to ensure there are no barriers to a child’s learning and establish stable and affectionate relationships. 

Consent must be sought to access services and share information with others. Any information sharing between agencies without consent must be clear as to its legal basis. 

Ensure privacy information is shared with the family and a consent form completed. 

Support is provided by services identified as universal in local communities and are available to all. These include: schools, colleges, early years and childcare provision, primary healthcare provision (i.e. GP, hospitals), and the voluntary and community sector. 

Universal support will most likely be provided by a single agency and/or existing support from family, friends and the community. 

It is these Universal Services who are best placed to ensure children and families have access to the Early Help Offer. The needs of the child/young person are appropriately met within this framework.  


 Level 2 – Children in need of Early Help  

These children can be defined as needing some additional support without which they would be at risk of not meeting their full potential. 

Their identified needs may relate to the health, education, or social development, and are likely to be short term needs. If ignored these issues may develop into more worrying concerns for the child.  

In addition to the Whole Family Assessment, specific local tools and pathways should be used where there are concerns about possible harm to the child. The school can provide learning mentor and nurture support for children, family and individual support with parenting and advice, targeted intervention for a set period of time, in addition to signposting families to local support and advise. Everyone in our organisation is trained to support and signpost.  

Early Help aims to provide a multi-agency response when a single agency is not able to progress and help the child and their family.  

The existing single agency or multi-agency team should work with the family and each other to complete a Whole Family Assessment and Action Plan. 

At this stage a lead professional/practitioner should be identified who can build a relationship with the whole family and ensure the whole family’s needs are met and actions progressed.  

Consent must be sought to access services and share information with others. Any information sharing between agencies without consent must be clear as to its legal basis. 

Ensure privacy information is shared with the family and a consent form completed. 


Level 3 – Targeted Early Help 

This level applies to those children identified as requiring targeted support and who meet at least 2 of the 6 Strengthening Families criteria in the Whole Family Assessment. It is likely that for those children their needs and are care compromised.  

These children will be those who are vulnerable to harm or experiencing adversity. In addition to the Whole Family Assessment, specific local tools and pathways should be used where there are concerns about possible harm to the child.  

These children are potentially at risk of developing acute/complex needs if they do not receive targeted early help. 

If a child continues to have unmet needs which cannot be met by Universal or Early Help support, then the existing single agency or multi-agency team should work with the family and each other to review the Whole Family Assessment and Action Plan and follow the Request for Intervention Pathway to request more intensive family support from a Targeted Early Help Family Support Worker.  

Consent must be sought to access services and share information with others. Any information sharing between agencies without consent must be clear as to its legal basis. 

Ensure privacy information is shared with the family and a consent form completed. 


Level 4 – Complex Significant Needs 

These are children who needs and care at the present time are likely to be significantly compromised and or they are suffering or likely to suffer significant harm and so who require intervention from Shropshire Council Children’s Social Care. 

An immediate referral to Compass should be made for assessment under Section 17 or Section 47 of the Children Act 1989.  

Specific local tools and pathways and the Shropshire Threshold Matrix should be used to support their referral and help practitioners to assess significant harm to the child. 


Child in Need 

Section 17 of the Children Act 1989 states that a child shall be considered in need if: 

  • They are unlikely to achieve, maintain or have the opportunity of achieving or maintaining a reasonable standard of health or development without the provision of services by a local authority. 

  • Their health and development is likely to be significantly impaired, or further impaired, without the provision of such services 


  • They are disabled. 

Consent must be sought to access services and share information with others. Any information sharing between agencies without consent must be clear as to its legal basis. 

Ensure privacy information is shared with the family and a consent form completed. 


Child Protection 

Section 47 of the Children Act 1989 states that the authority shall make necessary enquiries to enable them to decide whether they should take action to safeguard or promote the child’s welfare where there is reasonable cause to suspect a child is suffering or likely to suffer significant harm.  

Where it is suspected that a child is suffering or likely to suffer significant harm; referring practitioners must information parents or carers that the are making a referral to Compass, and seek consent unless to do so may: 

  • Place the child at increased risk of significant harm; or 

  • Place any other person at risk of injury; or 

  • Obstruct or interfere with any potential Police investigation; or 

  • Lead to unjustified delay in making enquiries about allegations of significant harm.  


Guidance for assessment practice can be found on page 13 of the Shropshire Threshold document.  

(Taken from:  Shropshire Safeguarding Community Partnership Multi-agency Guidance on Threshold Criteria to help support Children, Young People and their Families in Shropshire 2021: Threshold Document )  


2.4 Partnership with families 

A copy of this policy is made available to all parents prior to their child joining our Criftins CE Primary School as well as details of the complaints procedure. In general, any concerns will be discussed with parents, and we will offer support.   All conversations, whatever the outcome, should be recorded appropriately to show that they took place, identify what was agreed and evaluate how effectively they enabled needs to be met. In this way quality conversations can demonstrate their impact on successful practice, including improvements in decision making and joint working. Conversations should continue to inform the on-going planning and reviewing.  

Practitioners working with families at a Universal, Early Help or Targeted or Child in Need level will need to obtain the consent of the family before any information is held or shared with other agencies. Any information sharing between agencies without consent must be clear as to its legal basis. 

If the practitioner does not gain the family’s consent and in future has ongoing concerns, they should refer to local tools and pathways available via West Midlands Child Protection Procedures (consider contacting Compass for advice and guidance).  Except for child protection matters, referrals to Compass cannot be accepted without parents having been consulted first.   

Consent is not required for child protection referrals where it is suspected that a child may be suffering or be at risk of suffering significant harm; however, the referring practitioner, would need to inform parents or carers that they are making a referral, unless to do so may:   

  • Place the child at increased risk of Significant Harm; or   

  • Place any other person at risk of injury; or   

  • Obstruct or interfere with any potential Police investigation; or   

  • Lead to unjustified delay in making enquiries about allegations of significant harm.   


The child’s interest must be the overriding consideration in making such decisions. Decisions should be recorded. If consent is withheld by the parent:   

  • If it is felt that the child’s needs can be met through Early Help, then discussion with the family should take place about the completion of a Whole Family Assessment and provision of services through an Early Help Plan. Early help consultations are available from the Early Help Advisors for support in managing these situations.   

  • For another agency familiar with the child and family to make the approach about information sharing to the family.   

  • No Whole Family Assessment should take place. Other specific local tools and pathways available via West Midlands Child Protection Procedures should be used where there are concerns about possible harm to the child. The rationale for this decision will be recorded on the concerns form.   

  • The combination of the concerns and the refusal to consent to enquiries being made may result in the concerns being defined as child protection concerns. In this case, information sharing may proceed without parental consent. The consultation and the decision to proceed without consent must be clearly recorded on the case file.  


If a child has been injured or is in imminent danger of being injured then we will contact the emergency services, medical or police, immediately on 999.  


When making a level 4 referral to Compass we will ensure we have a record of all details required detailed on a Shropshire Multi-Agency Referral Form 


2.5 Specific legal duties 

Legislation has recognised and criminalised the following types of abuse and placed duties on education settings to report offences to the authorities:  

  • Radicalisation and the Prevent Duty 

The government set out its definition of British values in the 2011 Prevent Strategy – this promotes the values of:  

  • democracy  

  • the rule of law  

  • individual liberty  

  • mutual respect and tolerance of those of different faiths and beliefs   

Our setting promotes these values to ensure that children build resilience.- See Appendix D 

If a member of staff has a concern about a child/s they should follow the school’s normal safeguarding procedures, including discussing with the school’s designated safeguarding lead as set out in the Safeguarding and Child Protection policy.  


The designated lead should refer to the Shropshire Safeguarding Community Partnership Child Exploitation Practice Guidance and Protocol (Preventing Terrorism) 

Prevent referrals should be sent to 

If uncertain about whether threshold is met for a Prevent referral, contact West Mercia Police on 01386 591821 for a consultation. 


For assistance with completion of a Prevent referral form, contact the West Midlands Prevent hub 0121 251 0241. 

Prevent Engagement Officer, West Mercia Police is DC Holly Aungiers – 01386 591815  

Our school has a separate policy ‘Preventing Extremism and Radicalisation Policy’.  

Prevent Duty Statutory Guidance  

  • Domestic abuse and honour-based abuse   

Domestic abuse can encompass a wide range of behaviours and may be a single incident or a pattern of incidents. That abuse can be, but is not limited to, psychological, physical, sexual, financial or emotional. It can take place between individuals aged 16 years and over who have a “personal connection” (as defined by the Domestic Abuse Act 2021).  

So called “honour”-based abuse (including female genital mutilation (below) and forced marriage) may also be considered as domestic abuse.  

Children can be victims of domestic abuse. They may see, hear, or experience the effects of abuse at home and/or suffer domestic abuse in their own intimate relationships (teenage relationship abuse). All of which can have a detrimental and long-term impact on their health, well-being, development, and ability to learn.   

We will seek support for victims and their children by following: 

Depending on the level of risk, we may or may not consult parents before contacting Compass.  


Criftins CE Primary School takes part in Operation Encompass, which is being run locally in partnership with Shropshire Council and West Mercia Police. 

Operation Encompass is a process whereby the police and the council will inform a member of staff if a child or young person has experienced any domestic abuse incident. This will be done prior to the start of the day. Information sharing between professional agencies allows staff to provide emotional and practical support to their pupils experiencing domestic abuse. 

The sharing of details under Operation Encompass is permitted under Statutory Safeguarding Legislation and in respect of local authority schools under the Crime and Disorder Act (for the prevention of crime) and doing so without the child’s or parent’s consent is permissible under both pieces of legislation and the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). 


For more information on Operation Encompass, please visit: 

  • Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)   

Whilst all staff should speak to the designated safeguarding lead (or deputy) about any concerns about female genital mutilation (FGM), there is a specific legal duty on teachers. If a teacher, during their work in the profession, discovers that an act of FGM appears to have been carried out on a girl under the age of 18, the teacher must personally report this to the police.  


All teachers will be aware of and adhere to the Government Guidance on Mandatory reporting of female genital mutilation: procedural information  

 For more information about FGM, please refer to   

Parental consent may not be sought if this may put the girl at increased risk.   


2.6 Abuse, Neglect and specific safeguarding issues  

To ensure that our children and young people are protected from harm, we need to understand what types of behaviour constitute abuse and neglect.  

Abuse is defined in statutory guidance (Keeping Children Safe in Education 2022) as: 

  • A form of maltreatment of a child. Somebody may abuse or neglect a child by inflicting harm or by failing to act to prevent harm. 

  • Harm can include ill treatment that is not physical as well as the impact of witnessing ill treatment of others. This can be particularly relevant, for example, in relation to the impact on children of all forms of domestic abuse. 

  • Children may be abused in a family or in an institutional or community setting by those known to them or, more rarely, by others. 

  • Abuse can take place wholly online, or technology may be used to facilitate offline abuse. 

  • Children may be abused by an adult or by another child or children. 


All staff should be aware that safeguarding incidents and/behaviours can be associated with factors outside the school or college and/or can occur between children outside of these environments. All staff, but especially the DSL and deputy DSLs should consider whether children are at risk of abuse and exploitation in situations outside of their families. Extra-familial harms take a variety of different forms and children can be vulnerable to multiple harms (but not limited to) sexual exploitation, criminal exploitation, radicalisation and serious youth violence. Please see link: Contextual Safeguarding 


Staff are made aware of the four main categories of abuse and other specific forms of abuse and safeguarding issues (such as those outlined in the table below) through child protection training, reading up to date guidance such as Keeping Children Safe in Education 2022, Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage stated in Section 3 – The Safeguarding and Welfare Requirements and accessing multi-agency procedures at 


Staff should exercise professional curiosity to be able to identify children who may need help or protection. 

Criftins CE Primary School ensures that the DSL is continually updated in all areas below. They are familiar with the referral pathways and specific toolkits and guidance on West Midlands Child Protection Procedures, and training available on the Shropshire Safeguarding Community Partnership websites.  


All staff should have an awareness of safeguarding issues that can put children at risk of harm. Behaviours linked to issues such as drug taking and or alcohol misuse, deliberately missing education, serious violence (including that linked to county lines), and consensual and non-consensual sharing of nudes and semi-nude images and/or videos (UKCIS) can be signs that children are at risk. 


Expert and professional organisations are best placed to provide up-to-date guidance and practical support on specific safeguarding issues. For example, information for schools, colleges and early years settings can be found on the TES, MindEd and the NSPCC websites.  


Staff can access government guidance as required on the issues listed below via Keeping Children Safe in Education 2022, West Midlands Child Protection Procedures and other government websites as well as through continuing professional development. Staff can access CPD through LA CPD, in house training and through our subscription to The National College.   Training is available to new and existing staff continually through The National College Membership.   Governors can also access training and development as required. 



Specific Forms of Abuse 

Safeguarding Issues 


Four main categories 

  • Emotional Abuse 

  • Physical Abuse 

  • Neglect 

  • Sexual abuse and exploitation (including sexual violence and sexual harassment between children 



Other types of abuse 

  • Abuse motivated by Hate (hate related incidents will be reported to Shropshire Council using the Hate related Incident Reporting Form  

  • Abuse linked to faith or belief 

  • Child abduction and community safety incidents 

  • Child-on-child abuse (see below) 

  • Child exploitation (including criminal and sexual exploitation) 

  • Cybercrime (including cyberbullying) 

  • Domestic Abuse 

  • Gender based abuse/violence against women and girls 

  • Fabricated or induced illness 

  • Modern Slavery (including Trafficking) 

  • Online abuse 

  • Radicalisation 

  • So-called honour-based abuse (including Female Genital Mutilation and Forced Marriage) 



  • Child missing from education, home or care 

  • Children and the court system 

  • Children with family members in prison 

  • Drug and/or alcohol use (parental or child) 

  • Extremism 

  • Health and Wellbeing (parental or child). Includes medical conditions, physical health, mental health. 

  • Homelessness 

  • Private fostering arrangements 

  • Serious Violence 


Trauma and Mental Health 

Where children have suffered abuse and neglect, or other potentially traumatic adverse childhood experiences, this can have a lasting impact throughout childhood, adolescence and into adulthood. Staff should be aware of how these children’s experiences, can impact on their physical and mental health, behaviour, and education. 

All staff are made aware that mental health problems can, in some cases, be an indicator of abuse. The DSL will liaise with the school mental health lead Mrs Mandy Jones to ensure information is being shared. If staff have a mental health concern about a child that is also a safeguarding concern, immediate action should be taken, following the child protection policy, and speaking to the designated safeguarding lead or a deputy. The Mental Health and Behaviour in Schools guidance sets out how schools and colleges can help prevent mental health problems by promoting resilience as part of an integrated, whole school/college approach to social and emotional wellbeing, which is tailored to the needs of their pupils.   


Pupils are taught about Mental Health and given practical ways to manage mental health throughout school.  The REST EASY accredited programme is used to empower our young people for the future.   The school website has a mental health and wellbeing section and is talked about openly across the school.  Signposts are provided for the school community to access help and support.  Mrs Mandy Jones and Mrs Rebecca Hedley are trained mental health leads in addition to all staff having had Mental Health Lite training. We believe that when pupils feel happy and safe they learn. 


Child on child abuse  

Staff should recognise that children can abuse other children, and that it can happen both inside and outside of the setting/school; at home or someone else’s home, in public spaces and online. 

It can take place in spaces which are supervised or unsupervised. Within a school context, for example, child-on-child abuse might take place in spaces such as toilets, the playground, corridors and when children are walking home. All staff should understand, that even if there are no reports in their schools or colleges, it does not mean it is not happening, it may be the case that it is just not being reported.  

Examples of child-on-child abuse are listed below.  


At Criftins CE Primary School we understand that even if there are no reports of child-on-child abuse, that such abuse may still be taking place. We want to create a safe environment for children that does not accept abusive behaviour and encourages children to report to staff when they witness or experience it. 

As such, staff will take a zero-tolerance approach to abuse. They will challenge inappropriate behaviours between children that are abusive in nature. They should not downplay abusive behaviour by children towards other children, such as passing it off as “banter” or “part of growing up”.  


Children who experience or witness child on child abuse will have any concerns they raise taken seriously. Children experiencing, causing or who witness child-on-child abuse will be supported and protected to ensure their needs are met and they are effectively safeguarded, in accordance with this policy.    

Staff are aware that safeguarding issues can manifest themselves via child-on-child abuse. This is most likely to include, but may not be limited to: 


  • bullying (including cyberbullying, prejudice-based and discriminatory bullying);  

  • Abuse in personal intimate relationships between children (sometimes known as ‘teenage relationship abuse’) 

  • physical abuse such as hitting, kicking, shaking, biting, hair pulling, or otherwise causing physical harm 

  • sexual violence, such as rape, assault by penetration and sexual assault 

  • Sexual harassment such as sexual comments, remarks, jokes and online sexual harassment  

  • Causing someone to engage in sexual activity without consent  


All staff should read and be familiar with: 


Our school will ensure that children are taught about key subjects to minimise the risk of child-on-child abuse as outlined in the Prevention of Curriculum section in this policy.   

If staff have any concerns regarding child-on-child abuse, they should speak to their designated safeguarding lead (or deputy). 

The school would respond to an incident of child-on-child abuse by recording the incident on a Concern Reporting Form (Appendix F) this form will then we stored confidentially on our electronic system ‘My Concern’.  

Child-on-child sexual violence and sexual harassment 

Where there are concerns of child-on-child sexual violence or sexual harassment, the school will follow the below pieces of Government Guidance as set out in: 


In summary the process and procedures for managing a sexual violence or sexual harassment incident are: 


Whole school approach: 

Pre-planned risk assessment proforma in place 

Training for staff on how to report incidents 

Training on how to manage reports 

Child-on-child abuse policy in place 


Responding to a report:  

Victims are reassured, supported and kept safe 

Record the concern 

Inform the DSL if not involved in the initial report. 


Risk Assessment:  

Risk assessment for victim 

Risk assessment for alleged perpetrator 

Risk assessment for all other children involved (include any necessary support for siblings) 

Initial consideration of children sharing a classroom and/or having direct contact in school 

Initial consideration of contact between children travelling to and from school 



Support for victim and alleged perpetrator 


Managing the report: 

Consider the options to manage the report, including manage internally, early help, referral to children’s social care and report to police  

Consider bail conditions 

Manage delays in the criminal process 


Whole school approach: 

Pre-planned risk assessment proforma in place 

Training for staff on how to report incidents 

Training on how to manage reports 

Child-on-child abuse policy in place 


Responding to a report: 

Victims are reassured, supported and kept safe 

Record the concern 

Inform the DSL if not involved in the initial report. 


Risk Assessment: 

Risk assessment for victim 

Risk assessment for alleged perpetrator 

Risk assessment for all other children involved (include any necessary support for siblings) 

Initial consideration of children sharing a classroom and/or having direct contact in school 

Initial consideration of contact between children travelling to and from school 



Support for victim and alleged perpetrator 


Managing the report: 

Consider the options to manage the report, including manage internally, early help, referral to children’s social care and report to police 

Consider bail conditions 

Manage delays in the criminal process 



The school monitors where there are any patterns of child-on-child abuse by recording on My Concern and will determine necessary support and intervention.  

It is vital that staff understand that the child who is perpetrating the abuse may also be risk of harm. Staff should make every effort to ensure that the child who is perpetrating the abuse is also treated as a potential victim and undertake assessments to conclude this.  Sensitive work must be undertaken with the child who is perpetrating, by helping them to understand the nature of their behaviour and the effect it has on others may prevent abuse.  

Staff must be able to use their professional judgement in identifying when what may be perceived as “normal developmental childhood behaviour” becomes abusive, dangerous and harmful to others. Designated leads may need to consult with the SSCP Threshold document to help with their decision making.  


The Designated Safeguarding Lead has attended Brook Traffic Light Training (updated September 2022) which will support in identifying developmentally typical behaviours or those that may be referred to as problematic or harmful.  


Children do not always feel able to speak out about their experience of child-on-child sexual abuse. They may be afraid of: 

  • being considered a ‘snitch’ 

  • getting in trouble themselves 

  • how they will be perceived by others 

  • teachers or adults not being discrete 

  • their parents being informed. 

A helpline was launched by the NSPCC on 1st April 2021 to support potential victims of sexual harassment and abuse. Run by the NSPCC it aims to provide advice and support to both children and adults who are victims of abuse in school. It will also include how to contact the police to report crimes. The advice line is also available to support professionals and parents. NSPCC helpline number is 0800 136 663. 

This dedicated helpline will offer support to: 

  • all children and young people making current and non-recent disclosures of abuse 

  • any children or young people who want to talk about being involved or witnessing any incidents 

  • any adults who have experienced non-recent abuse 

  • parents and carers who have any concerns about their own or other children 

  • parents and carers who have any concerns about their own or other children 

  • professionals who work in schools and need support on this or related issues.  


This school promote the use of this helpline by; 

  • Posters around the school 

  • Promoted in school assemblies and staff meetings 

  • Newsletters to parents 

  • On the schools website 


2.7 Safeguarding children with special educational needs and disabilities  

It is recognised that children with special educational needs or disabilities (SEND) can face additional safeguarding challenges both online and offline. Additional barriers can exist when recognising abuse and neglect in this group of children. These can include: assumptions that indicators of possible abuse such as behaviour, mood and injury, relate to the child’s impairment without further exploration; children with SEND can be disproportionately impacted by issues such as bullying, without necessarily showing outward signs; communication barriers; and/or cognitive understanding.   


It is important, therefore, to be particularly sensitive to these issues when considering any aspect of the welfare and safety of such children, and to seek professional advice where necessary. 

Any reports of abuse involving children with SEND will therefore require close liaison with the Designated Safeguarding Lead (or deputy) and the SENCO (name) or the named person with oversight for SEN in a college.   

We will consider extra pastoral support attention for children with SEND. Targeted support can be provided in school through the learning mentor either individually or as part of group sessions.  


2.8 Alternative Provision 

The cohort of pupils accessing Alternative Provision often have complex need, so it is important that governing bodies and proprietors are aware of the additional risk of harm that their pupils may be vulnerable to. The Department of Education has issued two pieces of statutory guidance to which commissioners of Alternative Provision should have regard: Alternative Provision and Education for children with health needs who cannot attend school. 

Our school ensures that any alternative provision used for pupils is quality assured. A quality assurance checklist (Appendix G) is used to evidence that safeguarding procedures are being followed and the necessary vetting checks for staff at the Alternative Provision have been undertaken.  


2.9 Children Missing Education 

All children, regardless of their circumstances, are entitled to a full-time education, which is suitable to their age, ability, aptitude and any special educational needs they may have. Local authorities have a duty to establish, as far as it is possible to do so, the identity of children of compulsory school age who are missing education in their area. Effective information sharing between parents, schools, colleges and local authorities is critical to ensuring that all children are safe and receiving suitable education.  


A child going missing from education is a potential indicator of abuse or neglect and such children are at risk of being victims of harm, exploitation or radicalisation. School and college staff should follow their procedures for unauthorised absence and for dealing with children who go missing from education, particularly on repeat occasions, to help identify the risk of abuse and neglect, including sexual exploitation, and to help prevent the risks of going missing in future. Where reasonably possible the school will hold at least two emergency contacts for very child in the school in case of emergency and in case there are welfare concerns at home. 


Schools and colleges should put in place appropriate safeguarding policies, procedures and responses for children who go missing from education, particularly on repeat occasions. It is essential that all staff are alert to signs to look out for and the individual triggers to be aware of when considering the risks of potential safeguarding concerns such as travelling to conflict zones, female genital mutilation and forced marriage. Further information about children at risk of missing education can be found in the Children Missing Education guidance or Shropshire Council Learning Gateway. Children missing education information (Shropshire Council) 


There are many reasons why we want young children to have regular attendance at our setting. As well as supporting their learning and development, we want to try to make sure that children are kept safe, their wellbeing is promoted, and they do not miss out on their entitlements and opportunities. In a small minority of cases, good attendance practice may also lead to the earlier identification of more serious concerns for a child or family and may have a vital part to play in keeping a child or other family members safe from harm. 

In our setting, we have procedures for recording and following up any unexplained non-attendance and know how to respond to different problems and where to access advice, support or whom to alert if concerns arise. We endeavour to work in a partnership with our parents and carers to ensure all of our children have the very best opportunities. 


2.10 Elective Home Education 

Many home education children have an overwhelmingly positive learning experience. We would expect the parents’ decision to home educate to be made with their child’s best education at the heart of the decision. However, this is not the case for all, and home education can mean some children are less visible to the services that are there to keep them safe and supported in line with their needs.  

Please see link to Elective Home Education (Shropshire Council) 


2.11 Safeguarding children who are/have been Looked After  

Staff are aware the most common reason for children becoming looked after is because of abuse and/or neglect. Appropriate staff have the information they need in relation to a child’s looked after legal status (whether they are looked after under voluntary arrangements with consent of parents or on an interim or full care order) and contact arrangements with birth parents or those with parental responsibility. Appropriate staff members also have information about the child’s care arrangements and the levels of authority delegated to the carer by the authority looking after him/her. The designated safeguarding lead has details of the child’s social worker and the name of the virtual school head in the authority that looks after the child.   


The designated teacher for looked after children will work with the Local Authority to promote the educational achievement of registered pupils who are looked after or who have left care through adoption, special guardianship, child arrangement orders or who are adopted from state care outside of England and Wales.  The appointment of a designated teacher is a statutory requirement for governing bodies of maintained schools and proprietors of academies.    


The designated safeguarding lead should have details of the child’s social worker and the name of the virtual head teacher.  The designated safeguarding lead should work closely with the designated teacher. 

The Designated Teacher for LAC is Mrs Mandy Jones 



2.12 Injuries  

 At the beginning of each session or school day parents are requested to notify us of any accidents, incidents or injuries which may affect their child before leaving him/her at the setting/school.  A note will be made of any existing injuries and how the injury was received will be recorded. A body map may be used to indicate any marks/bruises (Refer to body map in Multi-agency referral form (MARF)    

Any serious injury occurring in Criftins CE Primary School e.g. broken bone, is reported to Health and Safety Executive (HSE) via RIDDOR. This is also reported to Ofsted as soon as reasonably practicable or within 14 days (see Appendix F).  


2.13 Safe use of ICT and mobile phones  

It is essential that children are safeguarded from potentially harmful and inappropriate online material. At our school we ensure that there are appropriate filters and appropriate monitoring systems in place. We have an effective whole school/college approach to online safety that empowers us as a school, to protect and educate pupils, students, our staff in their use of technology and establishes mechanisms to identify, intervene in, and escalate any concerns were appropriate.   

The breadth of issues classified within online safety is considerable, but can be categorised into four areas of risk: 

  • content: being exposed to illegal, inappropriate, or harmful content, for example: pornography, fake news, racism, misogyny, self-harm, suicide, anti-Semitism, radicalisation, and extremism.  

  • contact: being subjected to harmful online interaction with other users; for example: peer to peer pressure, commercial advertising and adults posing as children or young adults with the intention to groom or exploit them for sexual, criminal, financial or other purposes.  

  • conduct: online behaviour that increases the likelihood of, or causes, harm; for example, making, sending and receiving explicit images (e.g. consensual and non-consensual sharing of nudes and semi-nudes and/or pornography, sharing other explicit images and online bullying, and 

  • commerce: - risks such as online gambling, inappropriate advertising, phishing and or financial scams. If you feel your pupils, students or staff are at risk, please report it to the Anti-Phishing Working Group ( 


Training – The Governing bodies and proprietors should ensure that, as part of the requirement for staff to undergo regular updates safeguarding training, including online safety and the requirement to ensure children are taught about safeguarding, including online safety, that safeguarding training for staff, including online safety training, is integrated, aligned and considered as part of the whole schools or college safeguarding approach and wider staff training and curriculum planning.  Training is accessed through the National College, there is a CEOP Ambassador within the Federation, and all stakeholders have access to the eaware resource for teaching online safety and assessing pupil needs. Regular updates are sent to staff via email and weekly TEAM Talk.  

Where children are being asked to learn online at home the school will follow advice from the Department of Education; safeguarding and remote education

Pupils access remote education via the Seesaw platform and can work alongside other pupils in school.   Please see the Remote Education Policy for more information.  


The use of mobile phones and other electronic devices such as computers, tablets, and game devices are commonplace.  However, as a society, we are beginning to recognise that although these devices have brought great benefit, we also need to ensure that we help children to understand there are dangers and how to keep themselves safe. 

This includes:  

  • Keeping personal details secure  

  • Understanding that not all content is appropriate, truthful or legal  

  • What to do if they do accidently access inappropriate or illegal content  

  • What to do if they are upset by something they receive  

  • What to do if they are going to physically meet someone they have met on-line  


Appropriate use of mobile phones is essential at Criftins CE Primary School 

Staff can use their personal mobile phones during their break times in designated areas. During working hours, they must be kept out of the reach of children and parents in personal belongings a secure area accessible only to staff. All staff are made aware of their duty to follow this procedure, and to challenge anyone not adhering to it.   

Visitors to the setting (including parents) are asked not to use their phone in school and keep their phone in their bag, leave at reception or in their vehicle. Staff are required to challenge any use of mobile phone around the school without prior permission of the designated safeguarding lead.  


We believe that photographs validate children’s experiences and achievements and are a valuable way of recording milestones in a child’s life. Parental permission for the different ways in which we use photographs is gained as part of the initial registration at our school. We take a mixture of photos that reflect the settings/environment, sometimes this will be when children are engrossed in an activity either on their own or with their peers. To safeguard children and adults and to maintain privacy, cameras are not to be used during intimate care situations by adults or children.    


To safeguard children and practitioners online, providers will find it helpful to refer to 'Safeguarding children and protecting professionals in early years settings: online safety considerations at:  


Computers and ipads are used in school as part of the curriculum and online learning.   All online sites and storage have been assessed in line with GDPR regulations. The school has a filtering system and alert system through Smoothwall.   Pupils are reminded about keeping safe on line and the curriculum is responsive and proactive where online learning takes place.   If there are any instances of mis use these are addressed, recorded and pupils are educated around the issue.   We encourage parents/carers to work along with the school to support effective use on online platforms.  


Through induction, staff and volunteers are made aware of our ‘acceptable use of technology’ policy both at home and in the workplace.  If any staff or volunteers breach this policy, then we will take disciplinary action which may result in a referral to the Disclosure and Barring Service.   


Children are not allowed to bring devices into school, if there is a need for devices such as for older pupils walking home alone from school devices are held by the teacher during the school day.  Children do not need their own devices in school.  


2.14 Prevention in the Curriculum 

Criftins CE Primary School recognises the importance of teaching our children to develop their awareness of behaviour that is unacceptable towards them and others, and how they can help keep themselves and others safe, including online.  We teach children how to stay safe and respect others through our school values, through the PSHE curriculum, through special weeks like anti-bullying week and we are responsive when any issues arise.   We use the resource ‘Picture News’ to talk about local, national and global events and we discuss questions raised around equality, diversity and much more.  


We will ensure that the following areas are covered within the curriculum to prevent the risk of harm to our children and others: 

Ensure that areas include those suggested areas outlined in KCSIE (below) and align with your PSHE/PSHE/Online Safety and Preventing Extremism and Radicalisation Policy and are localised according to your curriculum   

  • Online Safety (also please refer to the Safe use of ICT and mobile phones section) 

  • healthy and respectful relationships  

  • boundaries and consent  

  • stereotyping, prejudice and equality  

  • body confidence and self-esteem  

  • how to recognise an abusive relationship, including coercive and controlling behaviour 

  • the concepts of, and laws relating to- sexual consent, sexual exploitation, abuse, grooming, coercion, harassment, rape, domestic abuse, so called honour-based violence such as forced marriage and Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), and how to access support, and 

  • what constitutes sexual harassment and sexual violence and why these are always unacceptable.  


2.15 Taking action 

The following section will be followed by all staff in Criftins CE Primary School. 

It is vital that as staff working with children in our school trusted relationships are built. This means listening to and supporting them in a way which meets their needs in your everyday work. This will help our children to feel reassured, safe and able to communicate with you more easily.  

Key points to remember for taking action are:  

  • in an emergency take the action necessary to protect the child, for example, call 999  

  • report your concern to the DSL immediately  

  • if the DSL is not able to be contacted ensure action is taken to report the concern to children’s social care 

  • do not start your own investigation  

  • share information on a need-to-know basis only – do not discuss the issue with colleagues, friends or family  

  • complete a record of concern on My Concern and select URGENT  

  • seek support for yourself if you are distressed.  


If you suspect a child is at risk of harm  

There will be occasions when you suspect that a child may be at serious risk, but you have no ‘real’ evidence. The child’s behaviour may have changed, or you may have noticed other physical but inconclusive signs.  

Children may not feel ready or know how to tell you that they are being abused, exploited, or neglected, and/or they may not recognise their experiences as harmful. For example, children may feel embarrassed, humiliated, or are being threatened. This could also be due to their vulnerability, experiences, individual characteristics or needs.  

In these circumstances, use your professional curiosity and the trusted relationship you have with them to try to, give the child the opportunity to talk. The signs you have noticed may be due to a variety of factors and it is fine to ask the child if they are alright or if you can help in any way. 

Use My Concern to record these early concerns. If the child does begin to reveal that they are being harmed, you should follow the advice in the section below ‘If a child discloses information to you’.  

If, following your conversation, you remain concerned, you should discuss your concerns with the designated person.  

If staff have a mental health concern about a child that is also a safeguarding concern, immediate action should be taken, following the procedures set out in this policy and by speaking with the DSL. 

If a child tells you that they’ve been abused  

Make sure you are aware of the Shropshire Children Reporting Concern guidance 

It takes a lot of courage for a child to tell someone that they are being neglected and or abused. They may feel ashamed, particularly if the abuse is sexual, their abuser may have threatened what will happen if they tell, they may have lost all trust in adults, or they may believe, or have been told, that the abuse is their own fault.   

If a child talks to you about any risks to their safety or wellbeing you will need to let them know that you must pass the information on – you are not allowed to keep secrets. The point at which you do this is a matter for professional judgement. If you jump in immediately the child may think that you do not want to listen, if you leave it till the very end of the conversation, the child may feel that you have misled them into revealing more than they would have otherwise. Telling a child you must pass information on might mean that the child is worried about or chooses not to talk to you. Keep in mind and recognise how difficult telling you is likely to be. Offer them reassurance and explanations that you want to help them to be safe (making sure you do not make any promises about what will happen. Be honest and say if you do not know.   

All staff should be able to reassure children who tell them about abuse that they are being taken seriously and that they will be supported and kept safe. A child should never be given the impression that they are creating a problem by reporting abuse, sexual violence or sexual harassment. No should a child ever be made to feel ashamed for making a report or choosing not to talk to staff.  


During your conversation with the child:  

Allow them to speak freely.  

  • Remain calm and do not overreact – the child may stop talking if they feel they are upsetting you.  

  • Give reassuring nods or words of comfort – ‘I’m so sorry this has happened’, ‘I want to help’, ‘this isn’t your fault’, ‘You are doing the right thing in talking to me’.  

  • Do not be afraid of silences – remember how hard this must be for the child.  

  • Under no circumstances ask investigative questions – such as how many times this has happened, whether it happens to siblings too, or what does the child’s mother thinks about all this.  

  • At an appropriate time tell the child that to help them you must pass the information on.  

  • Do not automatically offer any physical touch as comfort. It may be anything but comforting to a child who has been abused.  

  • Avoid admonishing the child for not disclosing earlier. Saying ‘I do wish you had told me about this when it started’ or ‘I can’t believe what I’m hearing’ may be your way of being supportive but the child may interpret it that they have done something wrong.  

  • Tell the child what will happen next. The child may agree to go with you to see the designated person. Otherwise let them know that someone will come to see them before the end of the day.  

  • Report verbally to the designated person.  

  • Write up your conversation as soon as possible My Concern and submit with the URGENT tag and it will go to the designated person.  

  • Seek support if you feel distressed.  

Please refer to: 

  • Section 2.16 if you have a safeguarding concern or an allegation about another staff member. 

  • Section 2.17 Whistleblowing if you have concerns about safeguarding practices within the school or college.  


2.16 Managing allegations of abuse made against staff (this includes apprentices & supply staff), students or volunteers (see Appendix H)  

(Shropshire HR KCSIE Allegations of Abuse Against Staff policy & KCSiE Low Level Safeguarding Concerns policy)  

As part of our whole school approach to safeguarding, this school will ensure that we promote an open and transparent culture in which all concerns about all adults working in or on behalf of the schools or college (including support teachers, volunteers and contractors) are dealt with promptly and appropriately. 

There are two levels of allegation/concern: 

  1. Allegations that may meet the harms threshold 

  2. Allegation/concerns that do not meet the harms threshold – which may be referred to as ‘low level concerns’ 

Further information about the two levels of concern can be found in our separate policy titled Allegations of Abuse against staff. 


Allegations which might indicate that a person would pose a risk of harm to children if they continue to work in regular or close contact with children in their present position, or in any capacity with children in a school or college, will be taken seriously.  We have a duty to inform Ofsted of any serious allegations made against a person which suggests he or she has:  

  • behaved in a way that has harmed a child, or may have harmed a child;   

  • possibly committed a criminal offence against or related to a child; or  

  • behaved towards a child or children in a way that indicates he or she would pose a risk of harm to children; or 

  • behaved or may have behaved in a way that indicates they may not be suitable to work with children. This includes any behaviour that may have happened outside of school or college that might make an individual unsuitable to work with children (transferable risk).  


We also have a duty of care towards our staff. We provide support for anyone facing an allegation and provide employees with a named contact if they are suspended. It is essential that any allegations of abuse made against members of staff or volunteers are dealt with very quickly, in a fair and consistent way that provides effective protection for the child and at the same time supports the person who is the subject of the allegation. 



If staff have safeguarding concerns or an allegation is made about another member of staff (including supply staff, volunteers, and contractors) posing a risk of harm to children, then: 

  • this should be referred to the headteacher or principal 

  • where there are concerns/allegations about the headteacher of principal, this should be referred to the chair of governors, chair of the management committee or proprietor of an independent school, and 


If staff have a safeguarding concern or an allegation about another member of staff (including supply staff, volunteers or contractors) that does not meet the harm threshold, then this should be shared in accordance with the school or college low-level concerns policy. All concerns unless it is about the Headteacher should be reported to the Headteacher immediately.  

Staff may consider discussing any concerns with the schools designated safeguarding lead and make any referral via them.  

Where the school or college identify a child has been harmed, that there may be an immediate risk of harm to a child or if the situation is an emergency, they should contact children’s social care and as appropriate the police immediately in line with Shropshire Safeguarding Community Partnership Local Authority Designated Officer/Managing Allegations .There are two aspects to consider when an allegation is made: 

  • Looking after the welfare of the child - the designated safeguarding lead is responsible for ensuring that the child is not at risk and referring cases of suspected abuse to the local authority children’s social care in line with the Shropshire Safeguarding Community Partnership Procedures 

  • Investigating and supporting the person subject to the allegation - the case manager should discuss with the LADO, the nature, content and context of the allegation, and agree   a course of action. 


The LADO may ask for additional information, such as previous history, whether the child or their family have made similar allegations previously and the individual’s current contact with children. There may be situations when the LADO will want to involve the police immediately, for example if the person is deemed to be an immediate risk to children or there is evidence of a possible criminal offence.   


The initial sharing of information and evaluation may lead to a decision that no further action is to be taken regarding the individual facing the allegation or concern; in which case, this decision and a justification for it will be recorded by both the Headteacher and the LADO, and agreement reached on what information should be put in writing to the individuals concerned and by whom. The Headteacher will then consider with the LADO what action should follow both in respect of the individual and those who made the initial allegation.   


If further action is required, we will follow the advice of the LADO and co-operate with any investigations.  We will follow instructions about what can be disclosed to the accused and whether he/she should be suspended whilst further investigations take place. This is not an indication of admission that the alleged incident has taken place but is to protect the staff as well as children and families throughout the process. Clear advice will be given to workers on the process of investigation by other agencies.  We will follow advice about how to inform families about the allegation. 


In all cases, we will notify Ofsted as soon as reasonably practical within 14 days of the allegations first being made and inform them about what actions are being taken by completing the on-line form at: 

If the member of staff/volunteer is found to be a risk to children and vulnerable adults, the Disclosure & Barring Service will be notified.  You will need to consider who makes the referral if an allegation is made against the Designated Safeguarding Lead e.g., if an allegation is made against the Designated Safeguarding Lead the Chair of Governors. If we are aware of the details of a child who has or may have been harmed by a member of staff or volunteer, we will contact Compass to make a referral to seek support for the child. 

There is a legal requirement for employers to make a referral to the DBS where they think that an individual has engaged in conduct that harmed (or is likely to harm) a child; or if a person otherwise poses a risk of harm to a child.   Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006 


2.17 Whistleblowing  

Whistle blowing is a mechanism by which adults can voice their concerns in good faith, without fear of repercussion. Any behaviour by colleagues that raises concern regardless of source will be recorded and reported to the designated practitioner or appropriate agency. Please refer to the whistleblowing policy for procedures.  


2.18 Recruiting Staff  

We provide adequate and appropriate staffing resources to meet the needs of children. (More information can be found in our recruitment and retention policy).  

Job adverts and application packs refer to our safeguarding policy and procedures.   

Applicants for posts are clearly informed that positions are exempt from the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974. We ensure that we meet our responsibilities under the Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006.  

Where applicants are rejected because of information that has been disclosed, we will inform the applicant about their right to know and to challenge incorrect information.  

We comply with the Safeguarding and Welfare Requirements in the Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) 2021 and the Compulsory Childcare Register, Keeping Children Safe in Education 2022 in respect of references and Enhanced Disclosure and Barring Service checks for staff and volunteers to ensure that no disqualified or unsuitable person works with or has access to the children.  

Keeping Children Safe in Education 2022 states that schools will be required to complete a risk assessment for each volunteer to decide whether they need to do an enhanced DBS check or not. (Note that even if it is decided an enhanced DBS is to be requested, if the volunteer is not in regulated activity, then schools are not legally allowed to do a barred list check).  

We have procedures for recording the details of visitors.  The visitor code of conduct is shared with all visitors on arrival including prospective candidates, to the setting and ensure that we have control over who comes into the premises so that no unauthorised person has unsupervised access to the children.   

Where pupils are placed in an alternative provision, the schools should obtain a written statement from the provider that they have completed all the vetting and barring checks that are necessary on their staff.   


2.19 Staff Supervision (including students and volunteers)   

To ensure that all staff are alert to any issues for concern, staff receive regular training and updates in safeguarding and child protection through a range of training and supervision activities. This includes both formal and informal supervision, annual appraisals, staff meetings and access to SSCP approved training.  Individual supervision offers staff an opportunity to receive coaching to improve their practice with children and address any issues resulting in poor performance.  Individual supervision also provides a safe space in which to raise any concerns they may have about the conduct of other adults connected with the setting. Staff are encouraged to ask the Headteacher should they require additional supervision.    

Staff supervision is also used to ensure that all staff remain suitable to work with children. If a member of staff is taking medication which may affect their ability to care for children, the staff member should seek medical advice. The setting will ensure that staff members only work directly with children if medical advice confirms that the medication is unlikely to impair that staff member’s ability to look after children properly.  

Staff are also required to disclose any information, which may lead to their disqualification as outlined in The Statutory Framework for the EYFS 2021 3.14-3.18 and Keeping Children Safe in Education 2021. 


2.20 Resolution of professional disagreements 

When practitioners are working together in the complex business of safeguarding children there will inevitably be occasions when there are professional differences of opinion or concerns about practice decisions, actions or lack of actions to a referral, assessment or the progress of child’s plan. In these circumstances practitioners have a duty to take action to address professional disagreements as soon as they arise in a way that is appropriate and proportionate 


Examples of case-specific professional disagreements include: 

  • When there is disagreement about the response to a referral made by one agency to another agency or service (e.g. decision making). 

  • When there is disagreement about the outcome of an assessment. 

  • When there is serious concern about the implementation of a child's Plan and disagreement about how this should be addressed (e.g. agreed actions not being followed through). 

  • When there is serious concern about the effectiveness of a child's Plan in bringing about the necessary changes and disagreement about how this should be addressed (e.g. drift/delay). 

  • When there is disagreement over the sharing of information in a case. 

Designated Safeguarding Leads and managers will consult with the procedures for resolving professional disagreements by accessing it on the West Midlands Child Protection Procedures website . Designated Safeguarding Leads will record any actions taken and outcomes on file. 


2.21 Use of Criftins CE Primary School premises for non-school activities 

The governing bodies or proprietors hire or rent out school or college facilities/premises to organisations or individuals (for example to community groups, sports associations, and service providers to run community or extra-curricular activities) they ensure that appropriate arrangements are in place to keep children safe.  

When services or activities are provided by the governing body or proprietor, under the direct supervision or management of their school or college staff, their arrangements for child protection will apply. However, where services or activities are provided separately by another body this is not necessarily the case. The governing body or proprietor should therefore seek assurance that the body concerned has appropriate safeguarding and child protection policies and procedures in place (including inspecting these as needed); and ensure that there are arrangements in place to liaise with the school or college on these matters where appropriate. The governing body or proprietor should also ensure safeguarding requirements are included in any transfer of control agreement (i.e. lease or hire agreement), as a condition of use and occupation of the premises; and that failure to comply with this would lead to termination of the agreement. (you may want to refer to other procedures you have in place for this)